COCONUT TREE: 5 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT RAINWATER MANAGEMENT
Like seriously, how come almost most of us are so vague about wasting something precious, something which is given for free? Nature’s precipitation is an invaluable thing, which serves life source to each and every living being on this planet. As existence of agriculture solely depends on what we receive from the clouds, the most important thing that a farmer should know is the way to conserve what’s always been beneficial and life sustaining as rainwater. As the kalpavriksha, coconut tree produces nuts round the year, it is necessary to provide adequate supply of water for it’s yield and growth. Here are 5 things that you must know if you are about to make moves in the farm concerning the rainwater:-
- MICRO-HARVESTING :
This is a great method of rainwater harvesting, that many people do not know of. As conserving the water contributed by rainfall is important in dry seasons, this procedure can be of useful to the coconut plantations, by saving water and preventing erosion of soil. You can construct or make use of slopes within the farm, to make rainwater flow into the small pits of 1.5 feet to 3 feet of any shape. This will serve as a great blessing for the farm in upcoming months.
- TRENCHES OR BUNDS :
Bund should be built around the plot to conserve the water within the coconut farm on convenient size as per your requirements, and can depend upon slope of the land. Trenches and bunds help reduce soil erosion and retain water, during drought conditions or summer season , and for improving ground water levels by increasing filtration. You can build small compartments of required shape, size and depth, which can act as a dam and store the rainfall received in the compartments for longer period. The excessive water which overflows can be transported to other parts with proper diversions.
- DIVERTING TO WELLS, PONDS AND TANKS:
Talking about diversions made for rainwater flow through the farm, which can be steadily used for filling the water containing bodies like wells, ponds and tanks within the farm for later usage. As the rain falls from the sky into the soil, we need to capture as much water as is reasonably possible for dry periods, and distribute that water when necessary across the site, depending on the size of your coconut farm. You can divert all the way through, by designing route of bunds and embalkments, which will ensure safe passage to the storage. Please make sure and take precautions on the case of water flooding within the farm, which will create adverse effects.
- DRAINAGE FACILITIES :
As precautious as taking measures to conserve rainwater, we must also take care of the flooding possibilities which can affect the coconut farm in a harmful way. If the water that we conserved in bunks, trenches or other means of embankments are abundant beyond the required level, it can result in the suffocation of roots due to the lack of proper aeration. This would affect the tree, which might show symptoms like button shedding and can also cause the spreading of diseases among trees.. So proper drainage channels have to dug to help the drain of excess water during rainy seasons.
- USE OF COCONUT HUSKS OR COIR PITH :
The water that have stored in trenches, bunks or other embankments, have the chances of getting released deep into the soil before we even make use of, for the ground level requirements. The method of Husk burial can be adapted, as a method to preserve more water. Coconut husks or Coir piths can be also buried in the trenches of 3×3 feet dimension within coconut farms. As the water get filled within the pits, the soaking of the coconut husk or coir pith can store water within themselves, even when the storage in pits goes into soil. As the water preserved in husks or coir can release, provide water to the soil on dry periods. It is noted that, the beneficial effect of husk burial will last for about 5-7 years.